When we build infrastructure, we are doing a construction project. A construction project then includes all the materials and work needed to build the infrastructure. Site preparation, foundations, mechanical and electrical work, and other works needed to complete the project are also included in a construction project.
Construction projects are of various kinds which we shall be examining below.
When the construction company builds houses, town houses, apartments, condos, cottages, single unit dwellings and subdivisions, we call them residential construction projects. The housing designs are done by an architect and an engineer, and it is executed by a contractor who hires subcontractor to do structural, electrical, mechanical, and other specialty work. Local building authority regulations and codes of practice are required for the residential construction project. Residential projects are easy to enter into the real estate market and this is the reason why many builders would prefer residential projects. This market is highly competitive with very high risks, and high rewards as well.
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Building construction is the most popular type of construction project. In building construction, you add a building on a piece of property. Most of the projects are room additions and small renovations. When new buildings are construction, they simply build an enclosure that is sheltered and access and its purpose is to house people, equipment, machinery, or supplies. They also install utilities and equipment.
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Institutional and commercial building construction includes many types and sizes of projects. Hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centers and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses, and skyscrapers for offices and hotels are some projects that are included in institutional and commercial building projects. Specialty architects and engineers are hired to design particular buildings. The competition in this market is not so tough since these projects are high in cost and are quite sophisticated compared to residential projects
In the whole construction industry, industrial construction just makes a small part. This part of construction is also an important part of the industry. These projects are owned by big, for-profit industrial corporations. Manufacturing, power generation, medicine, petroleum, and others are part of this industry.
Specialized industrial construction usually involves large scale projects with a high degree of technological complexity such as nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills and oil refineries.
The construction , alteration, repair or roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas are included under highway construction. All incidental construction in conjunction with the highway construction project are included in it.
If the project is not a building or highway construction project, it is classified as heavy construction project. Heavy construction includes construction of water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.